Updated: May 16, 2021
Thomas Rayner Dawson (England, 20 Nov. 1889 to 16 Dec 1951) was an English chess problemist and is acknowledged as "the father of Fairy Chess". Fairy Chess is a chess variant where moves are changed or new pieces are added to the board. Thomas Dawson invented many fairy pieces and new conditions. He introduced the popular fairy pieces grasshopper, nightrider, and many other fairy chess ideas. Dawson published his first problem, a two-mover, in 1907. His chess problem compositions include 5,320 fairies, 885 directmates, 97 selfmates, and 138 endings.